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Các thì được sử dụng nhiều nhất trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp

(04/06/2013)

Chúng ta được học rất nhiều thì tiếng anh giao tiếp và đặc biệt có ba thì thường được sử dụng nhiều nhất. Hãy cùng Smart Kids Centre tìm hiểu xem ba thì này là những thì nào và cách sử dụng chúng trong tiếng anh giao tiếp.

Các thì được sử dụng nhiều nhất trong tiếng Anh giao tiếp

1.Present simple tense
The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never, always or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.
(+) S + V-s/es
I/you/we/they + learn  English.
He/She/It + swims well.
(-)  S + do/does not+ V
I/You/We/They + dont learn English.
He/She/It + doesnt swim well.
(?) Do/Does + S + V?
Do you/I/we/they + learn English?    Yes, I/We/They do hoặc No.I …don’t
Does he/she/ it + swim well?             Yes,He/she/it + does hoặc No. He …doesn’t
2. Past simple tense
Describing actions and situations that happened in the past. These actions and situations were started and finished in the past. to talk about habitual or repeated actions that took place in the past, to refer to the historical past or to events that have happened in the distant past relative to the speaker, for reporting what someone said, to talk about action in the past that take place in the middle of another action, for making second conditional sentences (also called conditional type 2) when we talk about an imaginary or unlikely situation and to describe its result.
* Positive form
- Regular verbs:
base form + "-ed" or "-d":
work + "-ed" = worked
live + "-d" = lived
- Irregular verbs:
 I/you/he/she/it/we/they saw
* Nagative form
I
you             +       DID + NOT         +   Work
he/she/it               /DIDNT/
we                                                                    
they
* Interrogative form
                 I
               you
DID    +  he/she/it   +    WORK?
                we
               they
3. Future simple tense
to say that something will happen in the future. Adverbs of time that will indicate such tense may include, tomorrow, today, later today, in five minutes, in two hours, on Monday, on Saturday afternoon, next week/month, this year. to express spontaneous decision /
to volunteer to do something (the action is decided at the moment of speaking), to predict future events (for example, to say what we think or believe will happen), we use both will and going to, to make promises or threats, to request help or to offer help, to talk about consequences (with if, when, provided, unless, as, as soon as, as long as, etc.)
* Affirmative form
- I /  we   +   shall / will  +  work
- You
he/she/it       +  will  +  work
they
* Negative form
I             SHALL + NOT
we              /SHANT/                +             WORK
I
you              WILL + NOT
he/she/it           /WONT/
we                                               +            WORK
they
 * Interrogative form
To form interrogative sentences we use will with all persons:
WILL    +   I / we    +   WORK ?
                 you
WILL   +  he/she/it  +   WORK ?
                 they
4. Perfect present tense
The Present Perfect Tense connects the present to the past. It describes an action that happened in the past and goes right to the present moment. The time of occurrence of the action is not mentioned. Usually, the time is not important or is not necessary to know. It is the result of the action that matters. It tells us the outcome to date of the action. E.g., "Frank has gone" tell us that Frank is no longer with us.
for an action that happened in the past and the time of occurrence is not stated or implied. for an action or situation that began in the past and continues to the present. to express repetition of an action at unspecified time in the past. for an action occurring within a specific time period that is not over
* Affirmative
S + HAS/HAVE + VERB (past participle form) + ... (rest of the sentence)
* Negative
S + HAS/HAVE + NOT + VERB (past participle form) + ... (rest of the sentence)
* Question
HAS/HAVE + SUBJECT + VERB (past participle form) + ... (rest of the sentence)